Proper of the Mass (Roman Gradual)

“NOVUS ORDO” means the “New Order” of the Liturgy that came after the Vatican II Council. Most Masses in the Catholic Church follow this Novus Ordo. In the document “Musicam Sacram“, paragraphs 28 to 31 prioritize what should be sung in a “Novus Ordo” solemn Mass:

1- the responses (greeting and responses, acclamation of the Gospel, preface dialog, Sanctus, final doxology of the Canon, Lord’s Prayer, Dismissal and response,..)

To practice the responses, click here for English,  and here for Latin.

2- Kyrie, Gloria, Agnus Dei, Creed, Prayer of the faithful. Practice: Jubilate Deo , Gloria VIII, Pater Noster, Credo, … and much more…

3- Entrance chant (Introit), Gradual (after the first lesson), Alleluia before the Gospel, Offertory, Communion.

The latter are called the “Proper of the Mass” and the Gregorian music settings of these proper can be found in the Gregorian Missal (click to download). The music printed in this Missal is a “Sundays-only” version of the Roman Gradual, with English translations. The General Instructions of the Roman Missal (G.I.R.M.) clearly state these Proper as the first choice: G.I.R.M. (starting with the Entrance Chant, or Introit: paragraph 48).

This “Proper” constitutes a fantastic heritage of vocal music. The texts have been used in the Church for centuries, and some of the melodies are over 10-centuries old and connect us to our rich Catholic musical heritage. At the 5:15 PM Sunday Mass at Mary Star of the Sea in San Pedro, the schola tries to sing these proper as often as possible.

If you want to join the Schola to sing these proper, please:

1- download the Gregorian Missal (or buy a new copy)

2- join at 4:30PM before Mass in the chapel of the convent for a run-through with the music director and the cantor. Email longbeachchant@live.com for details or directions.

NOTE: at Mary Star, we precede the singing of the Latin Introit, Offertory and Communion antiphons by an English translation called “Simple English Proper” (SEP)

In the coming weeks:

Sunday March 24th   3rd Sunday Lent (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Lent3 )

Sunday March 31st   4rd Sunday Lent (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Lent4 )

Sunday April 7th  5th Sunday Lent (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Lent5)

Sunday April 14th  Palm Sunday (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM LPalm)

(Propers are the same in the Extraordinary Form, on the same date). The sung Mass on Palm Sunday has an ancient and rich history. First, a procession of the Palms, outdoors, precedes the arrival in the church. There, the cantors welcome the congregation and priest, who knock three times at the gates, and an alternate singing of the Gloria Laus hymn between the cantors (inside) and the congregation (outside). The antiphons of the Mass are poignantly sung as if they were our Christ’s own words while suffering in the Passion.

Listen to the practice files:

Pueri Hebraeorum 1:

Pueri Hebraeorum 2:

Gloria Laus:

Ingrediente:

Improperium (Offertory):

Pater si non potest (Communion):

Thursday April 18th  Holy Thursday (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM HW Thursday)

Friday April 19th  Good Friday (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM HW Friday)

Saturday April 20th  Easter Vigil (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM HW Saturday)

Sunday April 21st  Easter Sunday (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM HW Sunday)

Sunday April 28th Quasimodo Sunday, Sunday of Divine Mercy, (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Easter 2).

It used to be called Sunday “In Albis depositis” as it was the first day when the newly baptized on the Easter Vigil would finally remove the white albs they had received on their baptism. Hence the reference in the Introit to the “new born babes” (Geniti infantes). This period was called “Mystagogical Catechesis” (Katecheseis Mystagogikai ). See Pope Francis’s recent address for more about “Mystagogy”. It is also the Sunday when Christ tells Thomas to “believe”. Starting at the beginning of April, we will practice 

Quasimodo (Introit):

Mitte manum (Communion) :

Sunday May 5th 3rd Sunday of Easter (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Easter 3

Sunday May 12th 4th Sunday of Easter, “Good Shepherd”, (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Easter 4)

Misericordia Domini (Introit):

Deus, Deus meus (Offertory) :

Ego sum pastor (Communion):

Sunday May 19th 5th Sunday of Easter (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Easter 5

Sunday May 26th 6th Sunday of Easter, (pages of the Gregorian Missal: GM Easter 6 ) :

Vocem Jucunditatis (Introit):

Benedicite Gentes (Offertory):

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